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Jamini Roy

Jamini Roy was born in 1887 in Beliatore village, Bankura district, West Bengal, into a family of landowners from the Kayastha group. He was raised in the middle class, and his love of the arts was important to his life. He was sent to the Government College of Art in Kolkata at the age of sixteen. The vice-principal was Abanindranath Tagore, the founder of the Bengal School. After being instructed to paint in the prevalent academic tradition, he got his diploma in fine arts in 1908, after which he sketched classical nudes which were then painted in oils.

The Major Paintings By Jamini Roy.

  1. Traditional Indian Art of Krishna And Balarama.

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Balarama, the 10th incarnation of Lord Vishnu, is Krishna’s elder half-brother. Both brothers’ efforts in Mathura were unusually extensively documented in legends and folklore. In this artwork depicting the Pathua style, the artist depicted both of them with the same body styles, differing only by colours. It’s worth noting the holy eye structure, which is likewise symmetrical. Balarama, who is lighter in colour, holds an arrow in his hand, while Krishna carries a flute. The creation of fish patterns beneath them represents the Bengal style of painting. The outside borders are finished perfectly, making it more eye-catching.

2. Untitled- Wedding Procession.

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This Traditional Indian Artwork depicts the bridal procession or Baraat of India, in which the Groom arrives at the bride’s house for the wedding. It is made using natural red colours that were formerly popular, rejecting the colours of Western civilization. The scenery also shows everyday life, which was the artist’s favourite subject. It is the scenario after marriage, when the bride and groom are cheerfully moving on with all the blessings of the elders. The usage of white borders is noted for the simplicity of the art.

  1. Traditional Indian Art- Benaras Ghats.

The Banaras ghats are a serene and beautiful environment. Many people wish they could stay there indefinitely. Banaras is filled with holy and pure charm. The spiritual powers of the Ganga river are well known. This abstract art artwork by Jamini Roy illustrates the panoramic grandeur of a sacred bath in Ganga. Some worshippers can be spotted near the ghats. It’s incredible to be so near to the colourful structures and monuments. The artist makes works of art that are truly appealing by filling each colour with purity.

4. Drummers with Santhals.

Santhals are a notable tribe of Jharkhand, although they are also present in West Bengal, Assam, and Bihar. Their festivals and traditions are respected and are a part of India’s rich legacy. The Santhal Rebellion was a well-known conflict in Indian history. Within this artwork, the Santhals’ dance is shown, embracing the patua art form. The drummer is wearing a dholak around his neck, while two females are dancing nearby. Their symmetrical form and round biggish eyes are inspiring. The painting’s simple colours make it simple and inspiring. Despite having minimal borders, they accentuate strong emotions here.

5. Ramayana Series By Jamini Roy.

Roy’s most famous work is the Ramayana, which is spanned across 17 canvases (each 106×76 cm). Roy created this Traditional Indian Art masterpiece under the patronage of Sarada Charan Das using earth, chalk powder, and vegetable colours instead of dyes. Roy eventually built individual duplicates, each capturing a different moment from the complete series, a few years later. Some of these paintings have been saved by the National Art Gallery of India and can be seen at the Victoria Memorial Hall. He begins his Ramayana with Valmiki and ends it with Sita’s Agnipariksha, which returns him to his hermitage. His 17 canvases usually feature flowers, landscapes, birds, and animals, which are hallmarks of the Bengal School of Art. In just 17 images, this sequence explains the entire Ramayana story. Even with simple design and paint, the feelings are conveyed correctly. Large, forceful, and roundish lines drawn from clay pictures lead to complicated moments that transmit subtle yet powerful emotions. The full “Ramayana” by Jamini Roy is currently on exhibit in Sarada Charan Das’ “Rossogolla Bhavan” in Kolkata, together with 8 other big originals. The Das residence now houses one of the biggest private collections of Jamini Roy paintings, including 25 originals by the master.

6. Bride and two Companions.

As Coates noted, “Notice the majestic indigo of Bengal and how the bride’s hands are smeared with red sandal paste. At first glance, Roy’s choices of colors look purely decorative. Nearly everything he paints has a reason and a meaning.”  The illustration is flat and strongly outlined. Roy’s representation of the traditional woman without artificial beauty and the legendary backdrop that distinguishes so much folk art is a recurring motif in his work. The front lady’s blue saree with the gently filled background colors is a takeaway here. The extended eyes reveal the celestial character of the women in this scene. This type of traditional Indian art is revitalising Indian culture over the years.

7. Dual Cats with one Crayfish.

Coates wrote,  “Yet another new style, colors reduced in number and very restrained, an almost overwhelming sense of formality.”  Two cats are clutching a crayfish on a thatched background in the picture. It has turquoise blues, reds, and black in it. The cats’ bodies are rendered bizarre throughout the artwork, with their eyes and whiskers accentuated. Two cats are depicted sharing a crayfish with one another.

8. Black Horse By Jamini Roy.

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On a red backdrop, this Traditional Indian Artwork portrays a black hose embellished with yellow and white motifs. The horse’s head is likewise surrounded by a circular white wave design. The simple symmetrical extended eyes are expressive enough to convey tremendous emotions. The artist conveyed inner beauty with simplicity and inventiveness using Jamini’s folk art as a motif.

9. Mother And Child.

A mother and her son are depicted in this picture, with the son praying with his hands folded in prayer and the mother placing a hand on the son’s head. Unlike his regular approach, this artwork uses brighter colours. The subjects are not encircled by themes or borders, and the lines are not very apparent. The lady’s extended eyes represent humility and affection. Whereas the child’s roundish eyes represent the child’s innocence. They are packed with emotions despite their simple and forceful sentiments.

  1. Christ With Cross.

It conjures up a familiar image of Christ. The artist depicts him as a man wearing robes, sporting a beard, and sporting a moustache. This depiction of Christ is surrounded by three borders. He established this art form after being inspired by Christianity and Western culture. His extended eyes are reminiscent of the artist’s signature style.


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