As radical people, we all know the significance of the law and the impact it imposes on society. But the process of interpreting and applying the law is owned by the judicial system. The judiciary system is a system of courts that implements relevant law to the cases by assembling the facts and fallacy vigilantly. In other terms, provide justice to the victim and punishes the offenders.
Law can be defined as a system of rules to stand for justice and punish or impeach injustice from the nation. Initially, the law was a religious prescription, and today it has evolved into the constitutional and legal system. Starting from the Vedic ages and the Indus valley civilizations it is believed that a vague civil law system existed. With this, the secular law existed varying from region to region and from ruler to ruler. Later with the British East India company came the common law system which used a system of law based on recorded judicial precedents. The legal system was approved in three major places in India namely Chennai, Mumbai, and Kolkata. Soon after the First War of Independence, Britishers began administering and governing the people and laws as they slowly colonized the nation. After seizing the power, mayoral courts which were established in the three major places were replaced into one supreme court and others were changed to high courts through letters of patents. The Britishers barred or blocked the Indian practitioners as the right of the audience did not consider Indian citizens but the English, Irish and Scottish judicial bodies. When the movement of Indian Independence dawned, the document that will guide the new Independent India through the law was re-crafted by Dr. B. R Ambedkar, one of the most influential people India has ever seen. The bar council of India or any other state is the regulatory body that holds the highest standard.
The supreme court of India holding the highest authoritative power is being exposed to numerous cases daily. Mr. KK Venugopal, one of the prominent lawyers of India compares the number of cases received back then in the ’60s to the current cases received has made the supreme court function unfitting at times. He says, ‘Reduce the area of functions of the Supreme court so that it can carry out its real role’
Let us now discuss a couple of the rights that come under the umbrella term ‘civil law’.
Finance ActThe fiscal legislation which is regulated by the Indian parliament and is enacted every single year consists of income taxes, customs, central and integrated GST, and other provisions that give effect to the financial proposals of the Central Government. The amendments of insurance, derivatives, commercial banking, and investment management sectors come under financial law.
Real-estate LawReal estate is a business that is accelerating currently. Law that deals with buying, selling, and using land is what we call real-estate law. It is also referred to as property law. The law provides a document that states the legal right to a leaf property. This is the document that provides the ownership interest of land.
Consumer Protection Act‘An Act to provide for the protection of the interests of consumers and for the said purpose, to establish authorities for timely and effective administration and settlement of consumers’ disputes and for matters connected therewith.” (According to Consumer Protection Act, 2019). As civilians of a nation, freedom to live is the biggest asset. The act which came in 1986, provides rights such as the right to safety, right to choose, right to consumer education, the right to be heard, and more. Like the finance law, this act also changes every year.
This is Indian civil law. The Indian law seeks out the safety of the Indians. The professionals integrated with the regulation of the Indian constitution is evolving and working to make the injustice spiral down the rabbit hole. This legacy needs to be celebrated with its reputation held high. As citizens, accountability is topped on us. Respect and enjoy the legacy!